Die casting is a common manufacturing method for casting metal objects. There are two major styles of die casting method and some variants of process architecture. As molten metal is pushed into mold cavities under high pressure, it is known as die casting. The process is ideally suited for the accelerated processing of bulk metal parts involving limited post-production machining. The key advantages of the die casting process are:
- High quality: parts provided by die casting have a long service life.
- Strong reliability: the quality of the mass-produced components is excellent.
- Fast production: the die-cast tooling requires limited maintenance
- Versatile design: die casting can produce virtually any scale, geometry of the component, surface texture or luster.
- Minimal installation: assembly features such as studs, drill holes and bolts should be built into the mold configuration.
Application of Die Casting Processes
Die casting is a method of far-reaching applications. Any part manufacturing process that produces high-volume metal parts is likely to benefit from die casting. A range of manufacturing sectors currently depend on one or more forms of die casting technologies, including the automobile, aerospace and power tools industries.
Forms of Die Casting Process
Both forms of die casting procedure are constructed with the same purpose in mind—casting the mold using the injection of molten metal. Depending on the form of melted metal, the geometry of the part and the scale of the part, various die casting processes may produce superior results over alternative approaches. The two major types of die casting processes are hot chamber and cold chamber die casting. Variations on these two styles of die castings shall include:
- Low pressure die casting
- Vacuum die cast
- Squeeze die cast
- Semi-solid die-casting
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