What Are the Different Types of Fabrication?

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Metal fabrication is a wide phrase that encompasses a variety of fabrication methods. Cutting, punching, forming, shearing, stamping, and welding are popular fabrication processes for shaping, cutting, or moulding raw metal material into a finished product. Fabrication differs from other types of production processes. Fabrication, unlike material that is constructed from ready-made components or pieces, may generate end goods or parts for use in finishing such items.

Fabrication manufacturing procedures vary based on the material and final result needed. The procedure may be used to create mass-produced items as well as personalised creations. Whether mass-produced or custom-designed, the finished items are made from a variety of metals and alloys, including stainless steel, carbon steel, aluminium, copper, and brass, to mention a few. To complete or manufacture a part or final product in an industrial fabrication process, one or more of the following procedures will almost certainly be used:

Fabrication Methods or Types That Are Common


Cutting a metal workpiece is a popular manufacturing procedure that involves splitting or cutting the material into smaller portions. Cutting can be used as the initial stage of a much bigger fabrication process or as the only step required. Sawing has given way to contemporary techniques of cutting that make use of cutting-edge technology. Today’s technologies include laser cutting, waterjet cutting, power scissors, and plasma arc cutting, and range from hand tools to computer numerical computer (CNC) cutters.


Shearing is used to trim or remove undesired material from metal material by putting two blades above and under the metal to generate one continuous, straight cut. The method is generally used to cut smaller lengths and irregularly shaped materials; the blades can be set at angles to lower the needed shearing force. Straight cuts are made by combining two tools, effectively blades, with one above the metal and the other below it for exerting pressure. The higher blade pushes the metal down onto the fixed or stationary lower blade, breaking it up and completing the separation.


Welding is the practise of fusing two or more pieces of metal together using a combination of heat and pressure. It is one of the more popular production procedures. Metals come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Stick or Arc Welding, MIG Welding, and TIG Welding are the three basic types of welding methods. Spot welding and stud welding are two more adaptable welding techniques utilised in industrial metal production industries.


Forming is a fabrication technique in manufacturing that bends or distorts metal to create parts and components. Metal may also be manufactured via rolling, which is a compressive process that uses CNC press brakes capable of producing up to 400 tonnes of pressure. Metal strips or sheets are continually passed between parallel rollers, which mould the workpiece into the appropriate shape. The metal substance does not lose mass throughout the forming process, only its shape.


Stamping, like punching, produces an impression rather than a hole during production. The turret presses on the metal, causing the die to stamp forms, letters, or pictures into the metal. Metal sheets up to 6mm (1/4 inch) thick can be shaped into precise shapes and sizes using mechanical or hydraulic processes. Stamping machines can also cast, punch, cut, and shape metal sheets, allowing them to produce a diverse range of goods. Stamping machines are used for metal coining, blanking, and four slide formation, among other things.


Punch presses are mechanical machinery or devices that are used to punch or make holes in metals. Punching serves two functions as a manufacturing process. Turrets in a punch press strike metal through or into a die. As a consequence, the metal is “punched,” or specially formed holes are created. The completed product might be either the removed specially shaped bits punched out of the metal, known as blanks, or the holes utilised for attaching. Traditionally, punch presses in smaller fabrication firms are mechanical, but smaller and hand-powered. Industrial CNC programmed presses are utilised in large-scale fabrication operations to generate complicated designs at a higher output to fulfil both heavy and light metalwork requirements.

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