What Is the Function of an Air Compressor?

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The primary purpose of an air compressor is to convert electric power into pressurized air. When air is compressed, it gains strength, making it handy for a variety of workshop applications or power equipment.

Air is compressed and stored under pressure in an air compressor. This compression generates energy that may be used to power pneumatic machines. Air compressors function by collecting and circulating air, purifying it, and then returning it at the proper pressure to the exit.

Air compressors are substantially smaller in size and do not require a large engine to operate as compared to a centralized power source. They’re also more portable, quieter, and longer-lasting. An electric motor or a gas engine powers nearly all air compressors.

Air compressors are now utilized in places where items are produced and maintained, such as workshops, factories, car mechanics, and gas stations, as well as at home. Understanding how an air compressor works can help you choose the best air compressor for the job. Here’s what you need to know!

What Are the Primary Components of an Air Compressor?

The fundamental components are as follows:

  1. Drives are classified into two types: belt-driven and direct drive. A belt drive activates the system’s pump by moving a belt. In a direct drive system, the motor is directly connected to the compressor’s crankshaft. Belt drives are the most cost-effective alternative, although direct drive systems allow for smaller designs and less maintenance.
  2. Pump: A pump absorbs and compresses air, which is then pushed down a tube into a storage tank using the energy from the motor.
  3. Storage Tank: Storage tanks serve as temporary storage by allowing you to use air when the compressor is turned off. During moments of heavy demand, they also provide additional air to the system. A one-way valve (check valve) is used in storage tanks to prevent compressed air from exerting pressure on the pump. It acts like butter to protect the pump and motor from wear and strain caused by constant use.

What is the definition of a Rotary Screw Air Compressor?

The most popular form of air compressor is a rotary screw air compressor.

Male and female interlocking helical rotors revolve in opposing directions to pull air between them in these devices.

The trapped air is subsequently trapped between the rotors. As the screws revolve, the air pressure rises as the distance between the rotors shrinks. In variable speed drive rotary compressors, the speed of this operation may be varied according to the application.

One screw rotary screw air compressors are also available. However, single-screw rotary types are rarely utilized for air compression since they are more commonly found in refrigerant applications.

Best Applications: Designed for heavy-duty applications that require high speeds and big flow rates. If your workplace has a strong demand for air, rotary screw compressors can keep up without wasting energy or making needless noise.

What Is the Distinction Between Oil-Free and Oil-Lubricated Air Compressors?

Oil-lubricated or oil-free rotary screw compressors are available.

Oil-lubricated compressors operate by soaking the cylinder’s walls and bearings with oil. The oil also acts as a hydraulic seal between the rotors, allowing mechanical energy to be transferred.

Male and female rotaries in oil-free air compressors are regulated by timing gears to assure alignment. These gears and bearings require oil to function and are treated with long-lasting lubrication.

While there is oil in an oil-free air compressor, it is segregated from the compressed air side, allowing for oil-free applications. Because there is no risk of oil contamination because the compression is done without oil and just with air, oil-free air compressors may be used in hospitals and the food sector.

A Piston Air Compressor is a type of air compressor that uses pistons to compress air.

Oil is used to lubricate piston air compressors. They operate by forcing air into the compression chamber using the tool’s crankshaft. The crankshaft closes the piston, allowing pressurized air to enter the storage tank. More air is sucked into the tank when the piston opens again.

The following components are found in reciprocating piston air compressors:

  • Crankshaft 
  • Piston
  • Cylinder
  • Connecting Rod
  • Valve Head

Piston compressors are classified into two types: single-stage and dual-stage. A piston is used in a single-stage compressor to compress the air in one stroke, resulting in a full revolution of the crankshaft. There are two phases in a dual-piston air compressor. The compressor compresses air in a single stroke with one piston, then moves the compressed air to a smaller cylinder for a second stroke with a second piston, doubling the air pressure held in the tank.

For more information about air compressor Malaysia, please visit  https://www.ldckomp.com.my/

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